What are traumatic brain injuries?

Even safe and responsible motorcyclists can experience devastating injuries when riding alongside careless drivers. Head injuries are very common in these situations, and serious head trauma can have lasting effects.

According to the Mayo Clinic, a serious impact to the head can result in a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Understanding the effects of TBI is crucial if you or someone you love has experienced this injury as a result of a motorcycle accident.

The effects of TBI

The effects of TBI depend on the severity of the injury. Mild injuries often entail loss of coordination, nausea, headache, and fatigue. Confusion and disorientation are also common, as well as blurred vision, light sensitivity, and tinnitus. While these effects typically resolve without lasting issues, the injured person still requires timely medical treatment.

Moderate to severe injuries have some of the same effects, but they also involve loss of consciousness, vomiting, abnormal pupil dilation, worsening headache, changes in behavior, and significant confusion. Serious TBI requires immediate medical treatment via emergency personnel.

Treatment options

Most doctors recommend bed rest and monitoring for mild TBI. With more serious injuries, emergency medical staff will take steps to stop bleeding and reducing swelling in the brain. Your doctor may provide medication to limit damaging effects, while surgery can address skull fractures and lacerations if present.

Many people require ongoing therapy and rehabilitation to restore function. Physical therapy can help enhance muscle strength, while vocational rehab focuses on helping the patient adapt to new limitations. While some people make a full recovery, very serious injuries are often accompanied by lifelong effects.

While you cannot stop other motorists from driving carelessly, you can take steps to protect yourself. Always wear a helmet, even when driving short distances. Remain alert and aware of your surroundings at all times and try to maintain a reasonable speed.